Gefreiter Christian Wirth

Reserve Infantry Regiment 246

Born: 24 November 1885 in Oberbalzheim, Laupheim District Wurttemberg, Germany.
Married: Maria Bantel
Children: Eugen and Kurt Wirth
Education: Volkschule in Oberbalzheim 1891 – 1899, Fortbildungsschule course in carpentry 1899 -1901.
Employment: Apprentice Carpenter with the Buhler Brothers Timber firm in Oberbalzheim

Military Service: Grenadier Regiment 123 – “Konig Karl” in Ulm 1905-1907. Re-enlisted with the same regiment as an

instructor 1908-1910

Gefreiter Chrisitain Wirth

Police Service: Schutzpolizei – 1910, Schutzmann der Schutzpolizei, Kriminalpolizei

Military Service: Lance Corporal in Reserve Infantry Regiment 246 Ulm – Fought on the Western Front in Flanders, Bellewaarde 16 June 1915, the Somme and Aisne- Champagne, wounded in upper right arm.
Military Police with Reserve Infantry Regiment 119, guarding an army supply depot in Stuttgart.

Promotions: Sergeant 1915, Acting Officer 1917

Awards and Decorations: Iron Cross l and ll Class, Gold Wurttemberg Military Services Medal, Military Service Decorations, Frontline Troop Medal, Black Wound Badge

Police Service: Stellvertetender Kriminalwachtmeister at Dienstelle 11, Buchsebnstrase 37 in Stuttgart


1.7.1919 Kriminalwachtmeister
1.4.1920 Kriminalinspektor
1.1.1923 Kriminalkommissar
1.10.1923 Krimminaloberkommissar
1.11.1932 Kriminalinspektor
1.1.1938 Head of Kommissariat 5

Leader or Deputy Leader of Police Organisations:
Reichsverband der Kriminal Beamte Deutschland 1921 – 1933
Landwart des Kameradschaftsbund Deutscher Polizei Beamte 1933 -1939
Landwart des Landesbund Wurrtemberg
Stellvertretender Gausachsarbeiter des Amtes fur Beamte der Fachschaft 9 Polizei
Hauptvertrauenensmann des Amtes fur Beamte Kreis Stuttgart

Political Organisations:

NSDAP 1921 -1925 – First Nazi Party cell formed outside Bavaria

DVNP 1925
NSDAP 1931 – 1944
SA 1933 – 1938 – Sturmfuhrer on the staff of SA- Sturm 119 in Stuttgart
Orstgrupenleiter des Kameradschaftsbundes der Ortsgruppe Stuttgart
Vertrauensmann fur die Kreisleitung des NSDAP Stuttgart

SD/SS Service:

SD – SD Hauptstelle Stuttgart 1.12. 1937
SS – Untersturmfuhrer 10-8-1939 promoted to SS-Obersturmfuhrer 1.10.1939
Head of Police Disciplinary Court 28.2.1939
Special police duty – Gestapo Duty Vienna 14.3.1939
Special police duty – Attached to Chief of SIPO / SD Prague staff Olomouc Czechoslovakia
RSHA Berlin 27.9.1939

Aktion T4 Service:

Fuhrer’s Chancellery , Voss Strasse Berlin, working with Viktor Brack and Werner Blankenburg of Hauptamt ll in the planning and organisation of the euthanasia operation – later called T4 – October – December 1939.
Brandenburg Euthanasia killing centre 10.1.1940 – 3.2.1940 – personally participated in the first gassing experiments
Grafeneck Castle – Euthanasia killing centre – Head of Sonderstandesamt und Sicherheits 4.2.1940 – May 1940
Hartheim Castle – Euthanasia killing centre - Head of Sonderstandesamt und Sicherheits May 1940 – 27 June 1940
Passed the police examination at the Fuhrungsschule der SIPO und SD in Berlin for promotion to Krimminalkommissar
Appointed Lauterungsinspektor of the T4 Euthanasia killing centres for Greater Germany
Possibly in Lublin and Chelmno September – December 1941 – exact whereabouts unconfirmed

Service Leading up to Aktion Reinhard

Arrived in Belzec – inspects construction of the death camp 22.12.1941- dismisses most of the local construction force.
Accompanied Adolf Eichmann and Hermann Julius Hofle on an inspection of the construction in progress, and went to the Euthanasia Centre in Bernburg to select the first T4 staff to serve in Belzec death camp.
Beginning of January 1942 returned to Belzec with the first group of T4 men.

Aktion Reinhard Service:

Commandant of Belzec death camp 1.1.1942 – 31.7.1942
Carried out the first gassing experiments with Zyklon B and CO gas – February 1942
Supervised the arrival of the first large transport of Jews from Lublin
Inspektor of the SS –Sonderkommando Aktion Reinhard – based initially at the Julius Schreck Kaserne in Lublin 1.8.1942
Re-organised the Treblinka death camp – End of August – September 1942
Established Inspectorate of the SS Sonderkommando Aktion Reinhard on the Old Airfield Camp Lublin December 1942

SS- Sturmbannfuhrer 20 January 1943
Played a leading role in Aktion Erntefest – Harvest Festival Massacres of Jewish Workers in Lublin area 3 November 1943

Einsatz R Italy Service:
Head of the SS and Polizei Sonderkommando Einsatz R based in San Sabba Trieste from September 1943, returned to Lublin briefly for “Aktion Erntefest.”

Died 26 May 1944 – shot near Kozina, Istria by Yugoslav partisans

Buried with full military honours in the German Military Cemetery in Opcina near Trieste.

Remains exhumed in 1959 and reburied in the German Military Cemetery at Costermano on the south eastern shore of Lake Garda, Verona province, northern Italy 1959.

Text - www.HolocaustResearchProject.org

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